Romania - Country Profile

Categories: News

Country Outline

  • GDP: 187,940 mil. euros (Eurostat 2017)
  • GDP per Capita: 9,600 euros (Eurostat 2017)
  • Areas of Marked S&T Specialisations: Energy, Environment and Climate change, advanced materials

Contact Information

The quality of the research infrastructures is high in Romania. Romania has now top-level research infrastructures and is considered as more than competitive by the highest Western standards. This could support the implementation of successful and complex H2020 projects. There is an excellent infrastructure available, not only in universities, but also at the national level. Romania is hosting one European research infrastructure with global impact – the Eli Extreme Light Infrastructure, with an estimated starting date in 2016 and other 10 research infrastructures of pan European interest in engineering, energy, socio-economic sciences, physics, environmental, marine and Earth sciences, material sciences, chemistry and nanotechnologies, and life sciences.

1. Policies and Strategies in Science, Technology and Innovation

Romania has recently adopted the National Strategy for Research, Development and Innovation which sets the framework for the period 2014-2020. Following a policy dialogue phase between the coordinating consortia and MECS, the final set of four priorities was decided: (i) Bioeconomy; (ii) ICT, Space and Security; (iii) Energy, Environment and Climate Change; (iv) Eco-nanoTechnologies and Advanced Materials. In addition, the national priorities include: Basic Research, Health, Heritage and Cultural Identity and New and Emerging Technologies – the latter being more of a framework for public procurement of innovation than a pre-determined set of technologies, flexible enough to allow a fast response to the challenges of pre-competitive public procurement of innovation during the National Strategy for Research, Development and

The RDI policies are implemented by the Romanian Government through the MECS, and subsequently through the National Authority for Scientific Research and Innovation.

2. National Programmes and Initiatives


List of National Programmes open to the world

Programme Title


Extreme Light Infrastructure – Nuclear Physics (ELI-NP)


  •    ELI-NP will create a new European laboratory to consistently investigate a very broad range of science domains, from new fields of fundamental physics, new nuclear physics and astrophysics topics, to applications in material science, life sciences and nuclear materials management.
  •    The project is co-financed by the European Regional Development Fund. To be built in Bucharest-Magurele, ELI-NP will be one of the three pillars of ELI - THE EXTREME LIGHT INFRASTRUCTURE, along with the facilities dedicated to the study of secondary sources (Dolni Brezany, near Prague) and to second pulses (Szeged).

DANUBIUS – International Centre for Advanced Studies for River-Delta-Sea Systems http://www.danube-deltablacksea.eu/index.html

  • It is coordinated by the National Institute of Research and Development for Biological Sciences (www.dbioro.eu) and the National Research and Development Institute for Marine Geology and Geoecology (www.geoecomar.ro). This is a Romanian initiative for a Pan European R&D infrastructure in the field of integrated management of rivers-deltasseas focused on Danube-Black Sea macrosystem with a hub in Danube Delta, at Murighiol, Tulcea County, and having nodes as leading facilities and research centres dealing with processes, research methodologies and offering access to other parts to the Danube – Black Sea macrosystem.
  •    Danubius’ mission is to provide science-based innovative solutions for major actual environmental-related problems and set the framework for sustainable development of Danube –Danube Delta –Black Sea system, as best practice for large river –delta –sea systems worldwide.
  •    DANUBIUS was unanimously elected in 2013 as flagship Project within European Union Strategy on the Danube Region Priority Axis 7 (SUERD).

Engage in the Romanian Research Infrastructure System


  •    ERRIS (Engage in the Romanian Research Infrastructure System) is a platform developed and hosted by the Executive Agency for Higher Education, Research, Development and Innovation Funding (UEFISCDI), within the framework of the "Improving the efficiency of the electronic data monitoring of R&D activities" European funded project.
  •    ERRIS is the first Romanian online platform which connects the research infrastructure owners with potential clients (researchers and company representatives).

Cluj Innovation City


  •    Cluj Innovation City is the major project for our community and the region. Cluj Innovation City is bringing together the local authorities, the universities and the business community to foster the development of the city, the region and the country. Cluj Innovation City is planned as a collaboration ecosystem and synchronized urban development project based on education, innovation and entrepreneurship, with the main goal to create a sustainable community in years to come.
  •    Cluj-Napoca has built a solid reputation in recent years as the most important development centre in Romania, second only to Bucharest. Cluj is already the national ‘number one’ in IT services exports. The local municipality offers diverse assets, including the leading university and academic establishment within the country, a leading medical community and the Romania’s foremost IT industry. These assets combined make Cluj-Napoca a strong regional economic development pole.
  •    Based on the local assets, the close collaboration with the leading universities, and the rich entrepreneurship environment, Cluj Innovation City is aiming at becoming a significant Eastern European Innovation Hub. Start-ups can rely on local highly skilled human capital. Companies can also develop more competitive advantages by collaborating with applied research centres owned by universities. The current academic environment is already becoming more industryoriented. Current discoveries by local scientists in artificial blood and brain research confirm their international competitiveness and pedigree, and will furthermore contribute to the EU competitiveness with results in medical and agricultural field.

3. Joint Activities with Korea

Joint activities are currently being undertaken at the university level, researchers are free to engage in research activities in the preferred fields without coordination of the central government or structures subordinated. Such researches take place especially in the fields of bio-technology, waste management, energy, and they involve exchanges of experts between Romania and Korea.

4. Others


Key Research Organisations in Romania

Organisation Name

Detailed information

National Authority for Scientific Research and Innovation


  •    The RDI policies are implemented by the Romanian Government through the MECS, and subsequently through the National Authority for Scientific Research and Innovation
  •    Contact Information: Phone no. +40-21-319.23.26 e-mail: letitia.stanila@ancs.ro

Executive Agency for Higher Education, Research, Development and Innovation Funding – UEFISCDI


  •    UEFISCDI is the government institution which has coordinated during 2007-2013 the project-based funding schemes of PNCDI2. Aside from the policy support function, UEFISCDI also plays a policy advisory role by its constant involvement in R&I and higher education (HE) policy analysis and policy formulation process
  •    An ongoing project implemented by UEFISCDI has recently mapped 177 active TTO (accelerators, centres for information, and technological transfer, clusters, hubs, incubators, industrial parks and science and technological parks); the regional distribution of the TTO is available at:

Edited and published by the Delegation of the European Union to the Republic of Korea: https://eeas.europa.eu/delegations/south-korea/50611/node/50611_el